Based on results in previous projects (see starting points above), early warning systems as well as intervention concepts for these hot spots will be developed.
Up to now, occurrence of droughts is recognized at a late stage, when the signs become visible and when a drought is already underway. It is thus necessary to develop methods and (short-term/seasonal) forecasting techniques to identify drought situations at an early stage and to trigger relevant measures. The early warning system can be linked to the early warning system for natural hazards (see pathway IP_NH1 “Implementation of an Alpine-wide risk management plan“) and should be in line with ongoing activities at EU level as well as adaptation strategies developed at different policy levels.
To trigger effective measures, an early warning system should also include a coordinated emergency plan. This requires the development of an intervention concept including a coordinated prioritisation of water uses and regulatory measures for water saving which come into force at specific tipping points. Such an intervention concept considers the effects that those measures have on ecological services of affected areas. Developing and achieving agreement on these measures will require participatory processes with affected stakeholders and water users.
 e.g., the European Drought Observatory: https://edo.jrc.ec.europa.eu/edov2/php/index.php?id=1000