Preservation and sequestration of carbon in soil
Soil is an important carbon pool. The preservation of soil is crucial, because only healthy soils can store the carbon. The sequestration of carbon in soil organic matter is one of the main climate mitigation strategies for removing global-warming carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. Soil carbon sequestration is a process whereby CO2 is removed from the atmosphere by vegetation, and stored in the soil’s pool of organic carbon.
Guidelines for minimised land take and sealing
No more additional (net) land-take, land sealing and strengthened approaches of brown field re-development by 2050 – these are three key elements for the protection of soils and their ecosystem services with respect to climate mitigation and adaptation. The transition towards climate-neutral and climate-resilient Alps requires an Alpine wide understanding of the importance of minimised land take and sealing and redevelopment of brownfields. Beside measures for awareness raising, Alpine wide guidelines will be developed.
Supporting measures to preserve and enhance Alpine soil quality
Soils are multifold biotopes; among other functions, soils can help to protect the climate through carbon sequestration. The Alpine Conference decided to take upon action in the field of soil protection to reach the following goals by 2050: “There is no more additional (net) land-take and land sealing. Brown field re-development approaches have been strengthened to protect Alpine- specific soils and their services.” (XV Alpine Conference 2019)