High relevance of tourism transport in the Alps: many tourists still travel to the Alps by private car as they want to be flexible during their vacation. The availability of shared mobility solutions in their travel destination might be an alternative to bringing the private car.
Offering shared mobility solutions in remote/densely populated areas brings along specific challenges (especially regarding costs).
Car-pooling and other alternative forms to reduce car dependency will play an important role for decarbonizing Alpine transport but at the same time to ensure accessibility of all regions of the Alpine area (e.g., individual transport via Alpine-Uber)
Car sharing, especially in tourism destinations, will play a crucial role in reducing the need for private vehicles and can support the modernization of the vehicle fleet.
Based on the experiences of the Alpine Pearls network, either a new label or an extension of the Alpine Pearls label is established to promote and reward good solutions for shared mobility in the Alps (focus on both local citizens as well as tourists). In addition, an annual award is implemented to improve visibility of the issue (could be extension of Constructive Alps/ClimaHost Award).
Different elements of shared mobility will be tested in different pilot activities, e.g., regarding the potential of carpooling/logistics pooling in remote areas, the integration of shared mobility solutions into travel plans for tourists, the realisation of shared call for tenders by municipalities for car sharing/carpooling operators, the integration of cargo bikes into sharing solutions etc.
The set-up of shared mobility solutions (especially bike and car rentals) requires substantial funding. An Alpine-wide coordinated approach for funding schemes which set incentives for installing shared mobility infrastructures/vehicles could help. The coordinated approach should focus on innovative vehicle technologies to support the decarbonization of the Alpine vehicle fleet.
Transport is one of the main causes for climate change in the Alps, almost 30% of all CO 2 -emissions are due to passenger and freight transport. The largest share of Alpine transport emissions is due to long-distance freight transport which can only be decarbonized in a common approach – hand-in- hand with partners at regional, national and European level and with the relevant stakeholders in the transport sector. Similarly, modal shift strategies for passenger transport need to recognize the specific challenges in the Alps as related to cross-border mobility, mobility needs in remote regions as well as specific demand patterns related to tourism traffic.
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