Some parts of the Alps are densely populated, some scarcely. Some mobility needs of inhabitants are unchanging, they sometimes even increase. To reduce individual car traffic, spatial planning measures should be improved to promote efficient public-transport service provision and cycling and these modes of transport must be made more convenient and promoted as an attractive alternative.
Spatial planning systems and strategies at transnational, national and regional level (legal and institutional framework, instruments, procedures including in cross-border regions) give a strong priority to climate change considerations, including mitigation and adaptation aspects. A crucial point in the discussion concerning the mitigation aspect is to foster spatial structures that reduce the need for individual car traffic.
In a first step, expectations towards sustainable mobility in the Alps shall be defined. For instance: Which expectation raise from labels (e.g., mountaineering villages?) What does sustainable mobility mean?
Based on the defined expectations best practice examples on accessibility solutions in densely and scarcely populated areas of the Alps shall be collected. Further topics to be discussed in this step are grades for accessibility development quality and parking space regulations.
Define guidelines for more attractive interfaces in order to make the transfer by public transport and intermodal transport chains more attractive by matching departure times, offer shopping opportunities and social infrastructure at the stops and transfer points.
Develop an Alpine Ticket – for instance like the Ticino ticket – to promote the use of public transport in the whole Alpine area. For one overnight stay you get a ticket for the public transport system financed by visitor’s tax. Also an Advantage Card for the use of public transport in the Alps (Vorteilscard Alpen) could be an option.
SaMBA – Sustainable Mobility Behaviours in the Alpine Region (Project consortium under lead of Regione Piemonte)
AlpInfoNet project (Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport and further partners, Transport Working Group)
Mobility solutions in the Alps Database (Transport Working Group)
klimaaktiv mobil – Mobility management for leisure and tourism (Austria)
MOR€CO-project (Alpine Space Programme 2007-2013) – mobility and residential costs. Project results include a tool for assessing mobility and residential costs (e.g., for Greater Munich, the State of Salzburg)
Due to limited areas for permanent settlement, specific transport and mobility needs as well as specific demographic challenges, spatial planning in the Alps already is an important cross-cutting policy field. Supporting the transition towards climate-neutral and climate-resilient Alps now gives a new role to spatial planning: integrating mitigation and adaptation actions into all activities related to spatial planning would ensure an optimal starting-point for other sectoral activities and would avoid lock-in effects with respect to settlement and infrastructure development.
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